Toxic backlinks can happen organically, or they can be the result of previous less-than-white-hat backlinking efforts.
What Makes a Backlink Toxic?
There are many factors that can increase the toxicity of a backlink. Here are just a few.
This can be multiple equal pages on different domains linking to your site. If a domain has backlinks from too many different pages to your site with the same anchor text, these can also be seen as mirror pages.
Low Domain Power
This means that the Trust Score to Domain Score ratio is very low. The Trust Score is based on the number of backlinks from trusted sites pointing to the domain. The Domain Score is the importance of a domain and is calculated in a similar way to Google Pagerank. A low ratio means the site’s Domain Score may have been artificially inflated.
Google writes that paid links, “can negatively impact a site’s ranking in search results.” Some paid backlinks are obvious to humans and to Google, such as out-of-context, single-word anchor text links to a website’s homepage. A concurrent sign can be a Domain Rating of at least 45 and no domain organic traffic.
The ratio of visible text content compared to HTML is low.
Discovering Toxic Backlinks
There are a number of available tools for discovering which of your backlinks are toxic. SEMrush has a Backlink Audit tool.
SEMrush collects its own data, but it can pull a more comprehensive set of backlinks if it’s connected to Google Search Console. Connecting to Google Search Console is an easy process.
SEMrush’s tool ranks the toxicity of backlinks on a scale of 1 to 100. SEMrush considers backlinks with a Toxic Score between 0 and 44 to be Non-Toxic. A score of 45 to 59 is Potentially Toxic. 60 and over is Toxic.
Remediating Toxic Backlinks
If you can reach the webmaster of a site with one or more toxic backlinks to your site, contacting that site’s webmaster and requesting removal of the links is generally recommended as the first level of remediation.
For many sites, reaching the webmaster is an impossible proposition. In that case, you can export a file of selected toxic backlinks and then submit the file to the Google Disavow Tool.
Google is cautionary about using the disavow tool and recommends “that you disavow backlinks only if you believe you have a considerable number of spammy, artificial, or low-quality links pointing to your site, and if you are confident that the links are causing issues for you.”
What used to be an intimidating process has become much easier thanks to improvements in offerings from vendors such as SEMrush.
However, you should carefully consider what action to take on the reported toxic backlinks.